Programming languages tell computer systems what you want them to do. Each programming language has its own flavour, making it better suited to certain tasks than others.
Deciding which programming language to learn can be confusing, especially with so many options to choose from.
We’ve broken down the 10 best programming languages that you should learn in the new year.
The most popular programming language of 2021, python is an intuitive general-purpose programming language. It is mostly used in web design & development, mobile app development, data science, AI, plus more.
Because of its popularity, there are heaps of tutorials and guides available across the web to help you grasp this useful language.
Its main job is to add behavior to or alter web pages, making them more responsive and interactive.
Of all the programming languages, Java has one of the largest developer communities, illustrating its potential. It is a secure and portable platform-independent, object-oriented language.
Java is used to build applications (including mobile and GUI desktop applications), software, e-commerce sites, and games.
Powerful, robust, and versatile, Java can be tricky for first–time programmers to learn, but the rewards are worth it.
The most well-known programs made with C++ are Google Chrome and Microsoft Windows.
C++ is the successor to C, with added object-oriented programming (OOP) features: encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. It’s flexible, efficient, boasts speedy code compilation, and supports manual memory management.
This language is used to create desktop applications and GUI applications, assists in 3D game development, and helps build real-time mathematical solutions.
Built on the foundation of C, C# (pronounced C sharp) is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. You can use C# to compile lengthy programs into a few lines.
You’ll quickly learn C# if you’re familiar with other programming languages in the C family because they all use the same syntax.
Kotlin is an open-source programming language used for Netflix, Pinterest, Evernote, and Amazon Web Services.
This language is a statically typed program with a compact syntax that works interoperably with Java.
In 2019, Google announced Kotlin as the preferred language for Android application development.
Relatively new to the programming language scene, Swift is a great place to dip your toes into the programming world.
Swift remains easy to understand while being extremely powerful. As its name suggests, Swift delivers speedy performance.
At the moment, it can only be used for Apple platforms.
Go is as intuitive as Python and as efficient as C++. Subtle in its approach, Go can handle difficult computational problems with ease.
You can think of Go as an advanced version of C. It supports object-oriented programming, has a fast compiler, and comes with an embedded garbage collector.
A relic amongst newer programming languages, Ruby was developed in the mid-90s and has remained a popular and useful object-oriented programming language to learn.
Ruby is similar to Python in its syntax and the wide range of help available to new programmers. It is easy to learn, flexible, and has an inbuilt garbage collector.
R is used for graphics programming and complex statistical analysis. Its powerful framework allows you to work with large datasets and easily integrate any database. This makes it the perfect language to use for data mining projects and data science.
R code is clean, accurate, and durable. It has more scientific and numeric libraries than Python, and it works faster too!
Start Learning the Best Programming Languages Today
Before figuring out how to learn a programming language, figure out which best suits your needs. Whether you’re an experienced programmer or are just starting out, these 10 languages are the best programming languages for you to start looking through.
Now that it’s 2022, what programming languages are you going to learn?
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